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Diabetic Retinopathy


Diabetic retinopathy is a condition in which high blood sugar causes retinal blood vessels to swell and leak blood.


Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration, often called AMD or ARMD (for age-related macular degeneration), is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in Americans aged 65 and older. Because older people represent an increasingly larger percentage of the general population, vision loss associated with AMD is a growing problem.
Archives of Ophthalmology in 2004 estimated that 1.75 million U.S. residents now have significant symptoms associated with age-related macular degeneration, with that number expected to grow to almost 3 million by 2020.

AMD is a degenerative condition of the macula, which is the part of the retina responsible for the sharp, central vision needed to read or drive. Because AMD affects the macula, central vision loss may occur.

Macular degeneration is diagnosed as either dry (non-neovascular) or wet (neovascular). The dry form is more common than the wet, with about 85%-90% of AMD patients diagnosed with dry AMD. The wet form of the disease usually leads to more serious vision loss.


Retinal Detachment
Detachment of the retina from the outer supportive layer of the eye is a very serious condition. It is caused by a tear in the retina that allows the retina to separate from the eye wall. It is usually an emergency procedure when the tear is large or when the detachment does not involve the macula. In all cases it needs to be repaired.


Treatment of Retinal Detachment
Immediate surgical treatment is necessary. Vitrectomy, Laser Surgery, Cryotherapy, C3F8 Gas, and Scleral Buckle are some of the surgical procedures that would need to be performed for this condition. The procedure performed would be based upon the physician's findings.